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Influenza A H1N1 has been more frequent in young people, as was the case of the physicians seen.
Mean case age was It has been recognized that influenza can spread extremely rapidly within closed, crowded institutions, such as our hospital. Along with the Mexico City influenza epidemics during April and May,an unusually high number of oncology fellows consulted because of Influenza-like illness ILI in a 13 day period, starting late April. Declaration of conflicts of interest: One hundred and seventeen post-graduate students 76 fellows were being trained in in 14 different specialties.
An outbreak investigation was conducted.
Most of the cases were inter-related, as they shared the medical office, dorms or the weekend shift, and they all occurred in a small time frame. Early in the first wave of Pandemic influenza we observed an unprecedented high number of fellows and staff physicians with ILI in our institution.
Based on the timeline and known incubation period, it is possible that Pandemic H1N was introduced into the hospital with limited initial spread, and that then an accelerated spread with peak in transmission occurred with the first community peak in Mexico City.
Healthcare workers HCWs are of major concern during influenza epidemics. A suspected case of influenza was defined as any physician working at INCan with acute febrile respiratory illness defined as recent onset of at least two of the following: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests. Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social.
During the 21 days study period, people consulted because of acute respiratory symptoms,24 The hematologist, non-related to the remainder of the group, examined a confirmed case of influenza A H1N1. To note, is that cases seen on April 28th, all were on the same weekend shift, and both fellows from the Oncology program had been in close contact with case 2.
The rate of ILI in this cohort of physicians was Although the Infection Control Committee alerted early to healthcare workers at the Institution, on April 20 and 24, the outbreak among physicians was only contained after the first few cases had occurred and focused discussion with fellows was carried out.
CARTAS AL EDITOR
This report is a brief description of Pandemic H1N1 in physicians, who are key to rapid and efficient healthcare delivery during outbreaks and disasters. All cases except one were treated with oseltamivir with a good clinical response. The rate of infection in this group of physicians was The clinical picture of these young physicians was highly suggestive of Pandemic H1N1.
They did report being in close contact with other physicians fellows and staff who were suffering from ILI.
BOLETIN by boletin on Prezi
Three had close contact with the staff Oncologist 2nd casegoletin they were consulting in the same medical office. No severe forms of the disease or complications related with the influenza were observed. All sought medical attention within 1 to 7 days of initial symptoms.
Except one, the sick physicians did not recognize to have been in contact with patients with ILI or confirmed influenza, they neither had household contacts.
Most of the sick physicians were young and healthy, and although they might have had contact with asymptomatic persons at the hospital or within the community, in the vast majority of cases the only known noletin with the influenza virus were other colleagues inside the health-care facility. Sixty percent of these live at the hospital dormitories 2 to 6 per room.
Por cada caso de ERC incluimos a dos controles sanos. A nasopharyngeal swab was obtained and tested by Rt-PCR. The eleven physicians independently of the Rt-PCR result were absent from work.
Within the medical facility, there are 33 resident dormitories,12 to 15 m2 each, for 76 fellows. Crowded conditions and long working hours in teaching hospitals may increase exposure to influenza A H1N1 in medical fellows, and might have been underestimated.