The Capitation Grant has been introduced in Ghana in by the former NPP Government. It was introduced with the intention of facilitating the achievement of . fees abolition policy, the Capitation Grant (CG), to spur the attainment of universal access to the basic education goal under the Ghana Growth. Report by the National Development Planning Commission (NDPC) in Accra on Ms Hague said the Citizens’ Assessment of Ghana’s Capitation Grant .
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The data indicate increased enrolment in all the schools sampled. Among the Sub- Saharan African countries to adopt this policy was Uganda in and with the introduction of this policy, the country experienced a robust increase of primary enrolment from 2.
The secondary data were situated in the background and literature whereas the primary data constituted responses from participants in Ga West Municipality. The previous NPP government, led by former President John Agyekum Kufour, reinforced free basic education through the disbursement of capitation grants, with an initial amount of GHC 3.
The conclusion that can be drawn from the above account is that more determined effort should be applied to train and orientate school authorities on responsibilities that come along with accessing the grant. Drucker noted that an abundant and increasing supply of highly educated people has become an absolute prerequisite for social and economic development in the world. Besides, government will fully absorb BECE registration fees and also continue to subsidize the registration fees of private JHS students.
But it can be well argued that many educational policies and or programmes have always raised critical controversies and therefore, require research and serious lengthy public debates to arrive at what is appropriate and acceptable to the society in general to become good social policies.
As reflected in the GER, since the gap between boys and girls in NER in primary schools has closed up quite considerably to a difference of only 0. From the data collected, about Presenting the Budget before lawmakers on Wednesday, November 15, the Finance Minister, Ken Ofori Atta, also indicated that, government had absorbed 70 percent of the BECE registration fees as subsidies for all registered candidates in public Junior High Schools.
Related Content Thanks to keyword tags, links to related pages and threads are added to the bottom of your pages. Meanwhile, parents and teachers who spoke to the Daily Statesman were full of praise to the government for increasing the capitation grant by a hundred per cent.
1. Background and Context
Additionally, the introduction of the Capitation Grant Scheme has brought enormous challenges to the government, as a result of the increase in enrolment. EasyEdit Report page Share this. Nevertheless, most African countries have started devoting substantial proportion of their incomes as well as their foreign aid to the education sector.
The Pupil-teacher ratio PTR in basic schools as reported in Education Management Information Service EMIS shows a slight increase from an average of 27 pupils to a teacher in the period before the capitation grant to about 28 pupils to a teacher in the period after the introduction of the capitation grant Daily Graphic Updated on: The study will be of great importance to educational stakeholders such as the GES and the Ministry of Education by creating awareness on the challenges bedeviling the Capitation Grant scheme.
It can provide children with the knowledge and skills they need to succeed in life and is associated with increased incomes, reduced poverty and improved health UNICEF, This is significantly higher than the rate of increase before the capitation grant scheme which was about 3.
In fulfillment of its promise to make basic education free and accessible to all, government has announced plans to increase capitation grant from GHC 9. Action Secondary Technical School. The amount was slightly increased to GHC 4.
It can fairly be argued as per the data in Figures 6 and 7 that enrolment rates for boys and girls in basic school increased up to but decreased in Based on these propositions, several education reforms have been instituted at one time or the other sinceostensibly to make education more accessible to every section of the society.
The introduction of the Capitation Grant is rooted in the Constitution of the Republic of Ghana, which made provision for a policy on free education to be implemented within two years of its coming into force. The disparity increased significantly between and at a rate of 4.
Its foundation rests on the cornerstones of freedom, democracy and sustainable human development. This meant children of school-going age who were not in school took advantage of the introduction of the scheme to go to school.
Capitation is a payment of an equal amount of money to each person in the context of this research, for each basic school pupil. A sample of 15 basic schools consisting of primary and JHS were purposely and randomly selected for this study.
An analysis of the background issues and the views expressed in capitahion literature show that the Capitation Grant Scheme reflects two hrant strategic directives. Incidental sampling was used to select 3 parents each, from the communities where the 15 selected schools were located.
This led to the introduction of the Capitation Grant Scheme in The researchers recommend an increase in the quantum of the grant per pupil and direct payment into the accounts of schools to reduce annual delays in disbursement. The implication is that parents who could not pay the levies that were being charged by the school had the opportunity to send their children to school.
Some of these educational reforms, according to Adedze include:. Some of these challenges are expatiated in the next section of the review.
The NER in pre-schools remained almost the same before brant after the capitation grant scheme at The experience of high enrolment, generates a problem by which classrooms can hardly accommodate the large number of intake of pupils.
Capitation Grant – Schools in Ghana
The researchers obtained numerical data that were translated into frequency tables and percentages. Even though this declined to less than two percent inthe gap widened again to ghanw seven percentage points in Unfortunately, the supply of textbooks is inadequate, coupled with high enrolment as a result of the introduction of the capitation grant. However, some of the amount is used for sports and cultural activities and the remaining for czpitation provision of teaching and learning materials, minor repairs in the schools, and examination Dzamboe, The gap between boys and girls in terms of NER has on average been closing up.
Purposive, stratified and simple random sampling techniques were used to select participants, while questionnaire and documentary sources were used as instruments to gather information which was summarized statistically in percentages and analysed in themes.
In a bid to strengthen the foundational skills and generate interest in mathematics, science and technology, government intends introducing the Basic Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics BSTEM programme in all basic schools. Head teaches from the sampled schools were automatic members while 5 teachers were randomly selected in each school. Despite various interventions to salvage the teething problems of the Grant through workshops and other sensitization programmes, the full influence and challenges of the Grant are yet to be ascertained in terms of enrolment of pupils in public basic schools in Ghana Dzamboe, High enrolment of students has ghwna resulted in inadequate provision of teaching and learning materials.
This study investigates the influence of the Capitation Grant Scheme on education delivery in basic schools in Ghana, through a close study of the Ga West Municipality. However, the increase in enrolment brought about some challenges such as inadequate classrooms, furniture, textbooks, teaching and learning materials and a high pupil-teacher ratio.