seventy, fundamentally in Roberto Segre and Rafael López geographical Cuba en la cultura arquitectónica contemporánca”, Pensamiento Critirn No. appears in its: Contribución a la visión criticas de la arquitectura, Puebla,. Arquitectura cubana: metamorfosis, pensamiento y crítica: selección de textos. Elvia Rosa Roberto Segre, Mario Coyula, and Joseph L. Scarpaci. .. “Para un análisis histórico y de la tipología arquitectónica de la ciudad de Remedios. Description. You can download roberto segre critica arquitectonica pdf on the site To quickly locate a specific topic, simply type its first few.
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InJose Luis Sert presents a master plan for Havana, which, together with the visit of the Italian architect Franco Albini and the city’s east-west communication made possible by the new tunnel under the Bay, promotes the development of the Camilo Cienfuegos dwelling unit”a new city within the city”. Under the leadership of Ricardo Porrotwo Italian architects take part in the design, Victor Garatti and Roberto Gottardi ; who arrived to share, from the architectural, the new Cuban social experience; achieving with their personal touch a relevant architectural setting.
In the schools of Arts and DancePorro shows that his architecture “means to say, is not abstract”, fact which Eliana Cardenas critic as the conjunction of the symbolism of the architecture of the s and s with international trends, where the tropical, the Cuban Africanity and sensuality have starring roles.
At the Visual Arts school the symbiosis between interior and exterior is achieved with a central courtyard and galleries reinterpreted from the traditional Cuban architecture.
With the Catalonian vault as formal element, both bearing and expressive, Porro creates xrquitectonica areas covered by rounded shapes, that with the fountain shaped as a papaya, are associated with sensuosness, a metaphor for a woman’s breasts and vulva. According to Ricardo Porrothe general planning for the Modern Dance school recalls a blow of great impact on glass, a metaphor for the impact of the Cuban Revolution.
He again achieves continuity with galleries, reinterpretation of the characteristic public portals of Havana and element which directs movement through the School. In his care for all the details, Porro takes pride in his belief that “architecture is not only form but also content”. Garatti ‘s Ballet School shows the continuity and integration with the environment that the overall project imposes.
In the School of Music he conceives continuity as a concave-convex “ribbon” visual reference to the counterpoint in Cuban arqiutectonica. This was the only part of segrr project to be built, and that along with Gottardi ‘s School of Performing Artsare currently in process of completion. Gottardi states that, after twenty years of the original projects, both he and the theater have changed; Garatti defends finishing them as they were originally conceived and Porromore conciliatory, focuses restoration-conclusion with the zeal of a parent in “healing” his child’s ailments caused by time.
Crítica arquitectónica – Roberto Segre – Google Books
The Novoa System due to its high degree of prefabrication and the ease for manually handling its elements stands out among the moment’s housing typology. Robainaand El Roncada F. In the capital the first efforts were directed at the removal of slums, starting the path to industrialization. The projects were urban design exercises, some more successful arquitctonica others but all controversial, and sought unconventional solutions. The impact of the UIA Congress in Havana and the devastation of the east of the country by Hurricane Flora in favored step towards the industrialization of housing construction.
The aequitectonica, functional and constructive contributions of the 17 story building A. Rodriguez and others, in Havana’s Vedado roberyo, with the experimental use of a sliding molds system, remained as an isolated event.
Las Terrazas in Cayajabo M. Cienfuegos and others, is a valuable rural area example, in which adaptation to the existing topography and integration into the landscape was successfully achieved using the Novoa System.
National Art Schools (Cuba)
In the s the use and abuse of industrialization and standardization does not make it easy to distinguish one project from the other. The negative paradigm is the Alamar urban development which, although completely prefabricated systems are combined with other artisanal or semi-prefabricated building systems, it is characterized by the combination of rationalist medium density blocks with tall buildings that visually break the monotony of the whole, but without any aesthetic or formal contribution either in the buildings or in the urban layout.
Sinceschool design and construction projects are contributing to the country’s transformation. Schools and Junior High Schools proliferate, in which prefabrication hasn’t preventing attempts towards valuable formal expressions using different types of roofs.
The hexagonal rural school in Rancho Boyeros M. Robainaand the Agricultural Mechanization School Salinasare highly expressive, as is the case of the School of Medicine of Santiago R. Tasconthat with its central space within the buildings, and its paraboloid structures makes an extreme spatial flexibility possible.
Student residences and other facilities appear in the different campuses Universidad de OrienteSaenzCancioGutierrez and Sarille In the 70s, with extensive use of the Giron System, Junior High, Vocational and Teachers Training schools are built all over the country.
Segre, Roberto (Author of Crítica arquitectónica)
Ingenuity and creativity occasionally manage to break through the usual boring repetition of standard blocks, playing with volumetry as in the Maximo Gomez Vocational School Togores 2or through the use of color as in the Volodia School Duverger and through their use of courtyards, parks and galleries as instruments of diversity. Camposand the Coppelia Ice Cream parlor Girona Walter Betancourt excels in eastern Cuba, heavily influenced by Wright and elements of Cuban culture, with his use of open structures and his meticulous attention to detail, according to Eliana Cardenas.
The House of Culture in Velascocompleted posthumously, is his summit work. Recreational facilities were built in Havana’s outskirts. The scientific development achieved justifies promoting the country as a venue for meetings. The Palace of Conventions in Havana A. Quintanaand Expo Cuba H.
Ramirezare emblematic examples that give a new image to the city’s periphery. The Plastic Arts generation of the 80s coincides with a generation of young architects who, encouraged by the creation of the Union of Architects and Engineers as an alternative space for broader debates, engage critically the previous generations’ work and take their own stand inthrough the “Young Cuban Architecture” exhibition. Las Arboledas is the first urban complex including water and organic matter recycling where the site’s existing vegetation is respected.
Competitions for the Family Doctor ‘s houses are capable of filling vacant lots changing the city’s image with a new expressive strength.
Caballero is now a housing complex that breaks all urban rationalist schemes and recreates the traditional block structure with criticq central walkway throughout the whole development. The complex’s expressive richness is due to the creative freedom given to the architects with the sole requisite of respecting the block.
In Nuevo Miramarunfinished because of his death inSalinas applies urban schemes that end with the traditional degre. Eliana Cardenas proposes a critical recovery of “beach front architecture” as opposed to large resorts and tourist facilities that have proliferated in beach areas, and the respect for the waterfront, ecological frontier, characteristic of such a long, arqyitectonica island.
She describes the architecture of the new city hotels as international commercial models without major contributions, as shown in the Crltica Gonzalez Romeroand the Melia Habana A.
Garciahotels. Counting with achievements as the urban transformation proposals for the Jose Marti Districtthe Executive Flights Terminalthe Hotel Santiago and the Railway Terminalbuilt in Santiago de Cuba, come the worthy projects of Jose Choy and Julia Leon and their team, where young architects are involved. In the extension of the International Financial Bankthey create an envelope using the original module and integrate it with the existing building, although receding into the background to respect the expression of what was already built.
In the Annex to the Central Park Hotel the formal and structural expression of the colonnade, typical image of the environment, is respected, and in the Trotcha Residential Complex project, which remains unbuilt, arborean expressive elements that also appear in other designs are included.
Glez-Cameroand Ciego de Avila H. Blasco and the Nuevitas Theatre O. Vasallo et alprojects in which the search for new solutions and formal expressions is appreciated although limited by current material limitations. Memorial Architecture also has its place.
In an expressive effort, different artistic expressions join in spaces designed for dissimilar purposes, where the exaltation can justify sculpture or allegorical elements more abstract in arquitecronica. The presentation concludes with the Che Guevara Studies Center Choy, where the existing facilities are maintaines, only adding elements that emphasize, signify and identify the complex within its context.
Access to the center is marked with elements that simulate a grove while it is soberly identified with the Che’s symbolic signature and the the institution’s name. This tour of Cuban architecture would allow saying that, despite the difficult economic conditions and the extreme difficulties for the development and maintenance of architecture, it acts, in the words of Octavio Pazas “incorruptible witness of history, because no one can speak of a great building without recognizing in it Buscar en este sitio.
Video of the presentation. A NEW CITY InJose Luis Sert presents a master plan for Havana, which, together with the visit of the Italian architect Franco Albini and the city’s east-west communication made possible by the new tunnel under the Bay, promotes the development of the Camilo Cienfuegos dwelling unit”a new city within the city”.
Unidad habitacional Camilo Cienfuegos, F.
Porro, Escuela de Danza Moderna. Garatti, Escuela de Ballet. Cienfuegos, Las Terrazas, Robaina, Escuela rural hexagonal,Rancho Boyeros, Salinas, Ciudad Universitaria J.
Betancourt, Casa de la Cultura, Velasco. Quintana, Palacio de las Convenciones. Caballero, Critic de los Juegos Panamericanos, Choy, Che Guevara Studies Center, Letras Cubanas, La Habana, Todos los derechos reservados.
Eliana Cardenas Sanchezin her first and only visit to Barcelona cirtica Februarygave a lecture entitled “Cuba: In that lecture Eliana Cardenas addressed with comprehensive vision, the values and circumstances that led to the realization of Cuban architecture’s representative works of the last half century. This text by Alexis Mendez and Joan C. Puebla summarizes the lecture’s content, roberti can be seen in its entirety in the video that we include below.
Portal del coneixement obert de la UPC Cuba: The photo was taken during her stay in Seville, at Professor Heriberto Duverger ‘s home, a few days before she died.
A variety of housing typologies and new urban communal services are then seen, some misguided as the oversized supermarket, a euphemism for the traditional village shop.