September 15, 2020

by John Emslie THE WORD ZOA is Greek. It means ‘living one’. In the Book of Ezekiel, zoa is the name of the four creatures who pull the chariot of God’s Spirit. William Blake, The Works of William Blake: Poetic, Symbolic, and Critical, III, ed. Edwin J. Ellis and William Butler Yeats (London: Quaritch, ). PR E5. The Four Zoas (Excerpt) by William is the price of Experience do men buy it for a song Or wisdom for a dance in the street No it is bought with the.

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The final result of the later additions was a continuous narrative from Taken together, the narrative of pages follows the narrative sequence of Urizen-Ahania the active confrontation between Urizen and Fuzon becomes a verbal confrontation between Urizen and Orc, but at the end of both the defeated energy principle is forced to ascend the tree of Mystery. You can respond to the author here responses may be posted or on our messageboard. I suggest we adopt an arrangement which includes all the available material necessary for a full understanding of the poem, and which introduces order to the narrative.

We have no authority for this textual arrangement, but neither do we have authority to exclude VIIb from the poem. By leaving the tension between Los and Enitharmon unresolved in the new ending of VIIa, Blake may have hoped to explain the strained relationship in VIIb, although the Spectre-like Los of VIIb is hard to equate with the humanized Los of page 87, who has already begun his inspired construction of Golgonooza.

He is the enemy of conjugal love and is the Jupiter of the Greeks, an iron-hearted tyrant, the ruiner of ancient Greece. Again, Blake seems to have introduced references to Revelation in a context which enables a general analogy to be made: There is evidence of similar displacements elsewhere in VIIb. No, it is bought with the price Of all that a man hath, his house, his wife, his children.


The references to divine intervention are registered as interpolations which remain ultimately separate from the rest of the Night.

The Four Zoas (Excerpt) Poem by William Blake – Poem Hunter

Rather than abandon VIIa1, or further unbalance the poem by introducing the two new long passages describing the enlightenment of Los and Enitharmon, he may have decided to edit the new passages in a drastic way. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. In the closing illustration page 83 of The Four Zoasthe dark figure’s face and body are so thoroughly “hidden” by the word-space that its rectangular shape seems to be the figure’s body; otherwise, it is a figure whose face and body have been radically cut away, leaving feet too small to support either the fantasized “body behind the text” or the literal textual body itself, unsettling this massive, spooky figure.

If this is indeed the case, then the suggestions presented here can be summarized as a three-step process of changing plans for a manuscript reflecting those changes as follows: An addition at The narrative sequence was altered on pages andthe passage The visual differences between intaglio and relief letters are less significant than the considerable changes in production procedures.

Vala, or The Four Zoas

Night VIIa1 has strong narrative links with pagesas it describes the confrontation between Urizen and Orc anticipated at the end of VIand the rebirth of Vala anticipated in V. There is a particularly Blakean vour in the final fpur of Jerusalem when Albion and Jesus meet wherein Albion says that Jesus resembles his friend Los. They raise their faces from zas earth, conversing with the Man: A variant of the same line occurs in VIIb, where the dead descend beyong the limit of Translucence to form Satan Such a revision, while changing the ending of the eighth Night from an explosive climax to a passage of elegiac expectation, would help to re-establish the presence of Enion and Ahania who are largely absent from the central Nights of the poem before their resurrection in the last Night.

Say he smiles if you hear him sigh. In the main body of the ninth Night, for example, he is mentioned only a few times, once near the very end of the poem, where he is not clearly distinguished from the Spectre of Cour Night VIII is manifestly composite, and consists of: Mann very kindly allowed me to read his essay before publication and accepted my suggestion that I send to this journal a companion piece in the hope that the two articles together will produce more light than would either in isolation.


In any Night that fkur been retranscribed at least once to accommodate [e] material which would radically modify the conceptual basis of the poem, we might expect the new ideas to revise the existing ideas satisfactorily; we might fur their modifying effect to be dominant, if not complete.

The Four Zoas (Excerpt) – Poem by William Blake

The actual manuscript of the poem was written on proof engravings of Night Thoughts. At some point Blake must have given up any plans for eventual publication, and perhaps that occurred before he ceased fussing with the manuscript.

However, there is a passage in VIII Marks,pp. He walks upon the Eternal Mountains, raising his heavenly voice, Conversing with the animal forms of wisdom night and day, That, risen from the sea of fire, renew’d walk o’er the Earth; For Tharmas brought his flocks upon the hills, and in the vales Around the Eternal Man’s bright tent, the little children play Among the woolly flocks. Erdman Berkeley and Los Angeles: Is The Four Fkur manuscript the signifier of an unrealized intention to produce the poem in some other form?

William Blake’s Other Poems. Afterhe was able to work on it again.

It is as zoa in Night VIIb the Tree had absorbed the characters and mystified the narrator so completely that they are almost unaware of its presence and power.