June 16, 2020

Wood apple is one of the common names of an edible fruit from several trees, mainly belonging to genus Limonia acidissima L. (synonyms: Feronia limonia syns. Plant Morphology: Growth Form: Spiny deciduous tree to 20m tall. Foliage: Leaves alternate, compound, imparipinnate, with dark green leaflets, rachis. Wood apple is an erect, slow-growing tree with a few upward-reaching branches bending outward near the summit where they are subdivided.

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Received as seed from E.

Limonia acidissima – Useful Tropical Plants

Originally from Poona, India. Season of ripeness at Riverside: Has not been observed. This accession may be too tender for the field at Riverside.

Description from The Citrus Industry Vol. In addition to the description given above, it should be noted that the calyx is deciduous, as Hookervol. According to Guillauminpp.

Limonia acidissima

The very youngest new growth is covered almost as completely with these hairs as the very young growth of Glycosmis. These hairs soon disappear except at the joints of the rachis and base of the petiole. The wood-apple tree sometimes called elephant applelike the lijonia bael-fruit tree Aegle marmelosalso native in the hill regions of northern India, is deciduous; however, it is not reported as growing above meters 1, feet in the western Himalaya, whereas the bael tree in the same region grows limknia to 1, meters 4, feet.


The wood apple is common in Ceylon in dry regions but wcidissima bael tree is not native so far south. The wood-apple tree is often planted in dooryard gardens in southern Asia and Java.

Limonia acidissima – efloraofindia

The ability to drop its leaves puts the wood apple in a special, small group of Citrus relatives. It will be well worth while to study the wood apple and the bael fruit as examples of subtropical Citrus relatives that have acquired the deciduous habit.

As Feronia limonia can be used successfully at least for a few years as a rootstock for Citrusit should be compared with the trifoliate orange Poncirus trifoliataanother deciduous Citrus relative that has been used with great success as a rootstock for kumquats and for the satsuma orange. Citrus when grafted on the wood apple is sometimes forced promptly into bloom. Such a graft might be utilized in an attempt to force newly originated or newly introduced varieties into bloom so that they may be used promptly in making other desired hybrids.


The ripe fruits of the wood apple contain a sour-sweet, aromatic pulp in which the seeds are imbedded.

This pulp is sometimes eaten mixed with palm sugar or sweetened and stirred into coconut milk. It is also used to make a jelly said to be more or less astringent.

A chutney is made from the pulp acdissima is much liked by the natives. See De Silva,p. Not commercially available in California.

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