July 11, 2020

General Information. Ubussu is a large evergreen, unarmed, single stemmed palm growing from – 10 metres tall. The unbranched stem can be 15 – 20cm in . Manicaria plukenetii Griseb. & in ach, Fl. Brit. W. I.: ( ). Manicaria saccifera var. mediterranea Trail, J. Bot. PDF | Tururi (Manicaria saccifera Gaertn.) is a nonwoven structure in sac format, which protects the fruits of Amazon Ubu├žu palm tree. The objective of the.

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It occurs naturally in the Atlantic regions of Central America. Also it grows in some parts of South America. Usually grows in low land places near water, but also in inundated places inland.

Stem solitary, to 10 m tall, cm in diameter. Leaves m long. Inflorescence borne among the leaves, to 60 cm long. Fruits 35 cm in diameter.

Manicaria saccifera – Palmpedia – Palm Grower’s Guide

The fruits can contain from 1 to 3 seeds; they have a rough surface full of tubercles. The seeds can float in the water for a long time until they reach an appropriate place to germinate. The endosperm is homogeneous. Trunk solitary, up to 10 m. About 10 contemporaneous suberect leaves; dead leaves persistent for some time and hanging down on the trunk; sheath with fibrous ventral part enclosing young leaves about 7 m.

Spadices almost erect, about 17 cm. Male flowers densely crowded in the upper part of the rachillas and 2 laterally adjacent to each female flower mwnicaria, sunken in small pits and subtended by bracts 7 12 mm. Female flowers few, near the base of the rachillas between 2 male flowers, subtended by bracts; sepals ovate, imbricate, 7 mm. Fruit depressed-globose, 3-seeded or bv abortion 1- or 2 -seeded; exocarp corky, angulate-eehinate, tubercles rather hard and not easily nibbed off; seed globose, about 4 cm.

These palms tend to grow in swampy areas. Warm, sheltered and moist. Genus name from the Latin for ‘with a sleeve’ referring to the tough fibrous primary bracts of the inflorescence. The specific epithet from the Latin for ‘sack bearing’ referring to the peduncular bract being sack-like. Manicaria saccifera which has leaves with a length of 10 m, considered the largest of all vegetables.

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The leaves can be used as sails for canoes, even to navigate the rivers, downstream rafts are made with stalks, heavily ventricose and potbellied, to navigate in savcifera sea or in the river mouths, with huge sheets of monoblock Manucaria Manicaria saccifera.

In construction as thatch. The husks serve as backpacks or jiqueras. Peduncular bracts are collected before the fully open inflorescence, and used to make hats. Medicinal; pulp as a kidney poultice, as a treatment for the Respiratory system.

Bora Indians use the palm in a special way. This unique and handsome so;itary palm, curved or crooked and deeply ringed. The leaves are very large, entire, rigid and furrowed, and have a serrated margin; they are often thirty feet long, and four or five feet wide; and split irregularly with age. The petioles are slender with a broadly expanded fibrous-edged sheath at the base. These sheaths are persistent and often cover the stem to the ground.

The “bussu” produces the longest entire leaves of any known palm, and for this reason, as well as on account of their firm and rigid texture, they form the very best and most durable thatch.

The leaves are split down the midrib and the halves laid obliquely on the rafters, so that the furrows formed by the veins lie in a nearly vertical direction and serve as so many little gutters to carry off the water more rapidly. A well-made thatch of “bussu” will last ten or twelve years, and an Indian will often take a week’s voyage in order to get a canoe-load of the leaves to cover his house.

The spathe too is much valued by the Indian, furnishing him with an excellent and durable cloth. Taken off entire it forms bags in which he keeps the red paint for his toilet or the silk cotton for his arrows, or he even stretches out the larger ones to make himself a cap,–cunningly woven by nature without seam or joining.


When cut open longitudinally and pressed flat, it is used to preserve his delicate feather ornaments and gala dresses, which are kept in a chest of plaited palm leaves between layers of the smooth “bussu” cloth. This species inhabits the tidal swamps of the Lower Amazon.

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A palm called “bussu” is also found on the Rio Negro and Upper Amazon, but it is of a smaller size and is probably a distinct species. Photo by Paul Craft. Aerial of floodplain tropical rain eaccifera with small river, Marajo Island, Para, Brazil.

Palm with entire leaves is Manicaria saccifera. Photo by Jacques Jangoux.

Of the Isthmian-Atlantic moist forest ecoregion, of the Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests biome. Aerial of floodplain tropical rain forest, Marajo Island, Para, Brazil. Between the Sarstoon and Temash Rivers are extensive Swamp forests. Partly these swamp forests are dominated by the palm Saccufera saccifera, locally called “Comfra”. This palm is not found elsewhere in Belize and therefore constitutes an unique element for the Sarstoon Temash National Park.

But the palm can actually grow taller than this. La Plata – Colombia. Mauricio and Suchin Marcus with a sacccifera made of fibers from Manicaria saccifera.

Manicaria saccifera

Photo by Mauricio Moreira Caixeta. Special thanks to Palmweb. Genera Palmarum – Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers see images for credits.

Manual to the palms of Ecuador. Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions. Back to Palm Encyclopedia. Manicaria saccifera, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil. Photo by Don Kittelson. Photo by Paul Latzias. Brazilian fisherman, working on his boat. Costa Rica, Cano Palma area. Retrieved from ” http: Navigation menu Personal tools Log in.

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